Welcome to our guide to the Printing Matt, Blankets and Relief Runners that we offer to complement our presses.
This explains which combination of matt, blankets and runners that we recommend to use for printing different plates on our etching printing presses. The blankets are almost as important as the press you purchase and using different blankets on any press will give you huge variations in prints.
All of our blankets can be cut to any size for you and used with any presses. We also sell them individually or as sets of 2 or 3 blankets, so you can mix and match according to your printing requirements.
(While this guide explains the way we use our own presses, all printmakers will want to develop their own ways of working as all plates are made in different ways, and they are going to be inked up using different inks as well as paper and techniques of wiping or rolling. If you need any help just call or drop us an email.)
All of our blankets can be used together or separately. There is no set rules for how you use the blankets, just traditions that printmakers have carried on over the years. The woven blankets will last you a lot longer than the unwoven felt, and the woven 100% wool blankets will print better than the compressed felt blankets which reflects in the price.
Below is a description of each blanket.
Over the many years of printmaking, the number of blankets used in conjunction with presses (sometimes 5 of more blankets have been used dependant on the type of plate being printed), more commonly now it is thought that 3 is the magic number.
There are many terms that are used when describing the blankets and their uses, which hints that this is a most fluid arrangement and different printmakers have used their blankets in different ways and have then passed that information down to the next generation.
One of the most common names used is ‘Swanskin’ and describes the material that was used historically ie: an actual Swan skin according to some sources with the feathers still attached and was often used for book printing on Columbia presses and the like. To that end we will generically term the woven variant as ‘Swanskin’ and utilise three common terms that are used to describe the purpose of the blankets.
This is the blanket that goes next to the paper, it has the tightest weave so that there is no weave transferred to the paper, so you get a smooth print. This blanket also catches the size (glue) from the paper, so this is the blanket that can get wet during large print runs, so make sure this is removed at the end of printing and hung to dry ready for the next session of printing. Over time the size can cause this blanket to stiffen and therefore should be replaced or carefully cleaned with specific wool detergent and dried fully before reuse.
This middle Blanket does exactly as the name describes, cushioning your plate, but still allows masses of pressure to be put onto your paper and plate. It helps plates last longer, protecting the aquatint (tone) and burr (line)
This is the blanket that gets most wear due to it been next to the roller, so its woven and strong so it can be used time and time again. This is often referred to as ‘Swanskin’ by other printmaking suppliers.
The unwoven blankets can be used in the same way as the woven blankets, but as a cheaper alternative to the premium ‘Swanskin’ blankets are unlikely to perform to the same standard, and in some cases, we recommend you to only use two of these blankets rather than the set of three. For example, using the two thinner unwoven blankets to print an etching will give you 80% better results than if you used a set of 3 unwoven blankets.
As mentioned our unwoven blankets are available individually or as a set of 2 or 3.
Our unwoven Fronting/Size Catcher blanket is 2mm thick pressed wool felt.
Our unwoven Cushion blanket is 3mm thick pressed wool felt.
Our unwoven Pusher blanket is 6mm thick pressed wool felt.
- Wipe clean surface on top and on the bottom is a cushioning layer
- For use with any press
- Excellent quality prints from etchings through to woodblocks
- PVC with extra thick soft felt backing
- Extra cushioning layer between your bed and top Roller.
- Can be rolled up for easy storage when not in use
Below are our recommendations of what blanket or blankets to use and what combination to use when you are printing the different plates.
Plate – 1mm, 2mm, 3mm, or 4mm float Glass will print very well with…
Use a set of the Printing Runners to the same thickness of the glass your printing and then either the one printing matt on its own or any of the sets of 2 or 3 blankets. The woven blankets will print better than the unwoven. You might want to use an extra metal plate to put the glass onto but its best depending on what printing you are doing to experiment to get the results you want.
Plate – 1m thick dry-point styrene or thinner plastic plates will print very well with…
Plate – 1mm thick etchings including zinc, copper, aluminium and steel, photo etching’s and photopolymers.
Plate – 2mm thick etchings including zinc, copper, aluminium and steel, photo etching’s and photopolymers
Plate – Mountboard collagraph’s
The printing matt on its own / single 80% unwoven wool felt blankets / single 100% woven wool blankets / any of the sets of x 2, 80% unwoven wool felt blankets / a set of three 100% woven wool blankets
Plate – Mountboard and plaster collagraph’s
Plate – 3mm thick plastic dry-points
You might want to use large thickness of newspaper or newsprint to help compensate for the large 3mm thick step you are creating if you are using only one blanket. Or you can print using a set of two or three blankets unwoven or woven depending on the depth of line created in the plate.
Plate – 3mm thick easy cut lino or 3.2mm thick hessian backed lino or 4mm thick Japanese plywood or any relief plate that is no thicker than 4mm
We use 4mm thick runners and chock the plate up from underneath to make it the right height See the runners page for more information on this. For this type of printing you don’t need a matt or blanket, but if you like using blankets or want to protect any wear on your top roller, you can use any combination of Matt or blankets but see what works best for your plate.
Plate – 6mm, 8mm, 10mm, 12mm, 14mm, 16mm, 18mm, 20mm, 22mm, 24mm linos or woodblocks
We use the appropriate thickness of runners and chock the plate up from underneath to make it the same, if not slightly higher than the runners. For this type of printing you don’t need a matt or blanket, but if you like using blankets or want to protect any wear on your top roller, you can use any combination of Matt or blankets but see what works best for your plate.
Plate – 25mm letterpress blocks in or out of chases or linos or woodblocks
We use the appropriate thickness of runners and chock the plate up from underneath to make it the same if not slightly higher than the runners. For this type of printing you don’t need a matt or blanket, but if you like using blankets or want to protect any wear on your top roller, you can use any combination of Matt or blankets but see what works best for your plate.
Plate – Any thickness of plate lino or woodblock reductions. We use the following method. Glue your plate down to a board or styrene to make sure it does not move. Use registration pins to hold the paper in place, and plastic tabs to reposition your paper in place. Measure the thickness of your board or styrene you have stuck your plate to and then the lino or woodblock. Choose the appropriate runners for this thickness (ideally the exact thickness). If you do a test print and it’s not printing correctly add one or two pieces of paper on top or underneath of the paper your printing on to help the sandwich be the same height as your runners.
For this type of printing you don’t need a matt or blanket, but if you like using blankets or want to protect any wear on your top roller, you can use any combination of Matt or blankets but see what works best for your plate.